Category: Untethered Jailbreak iOS 11.4
If you waited for the iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak after successfully update it this latest news is for you. Actually, Pangu jailbreakers now successfully in the mission of iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak and they try to be the first founder of Download Cydia with Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1. So now, no more desperate on iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak, as it always in a positive way for Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 & Cydia download iOS 11.4.1.
What is the Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1?
I know that now the word Jailbreak is not anymore an uncertain or unknown word for Apple users. It is a popular name among iUsers and now it is a legal process in some countries among Apple users. So when the users update the iOS very often they intend to Jailbreak the iOS to get more freedom and get away from the default iOS.
Jailbreak is the process of removing restrictions that imposed by the Apple manufacturer. So when we jailbreak the iOS, it means we give the root access to the iDevice, so then external users can easily access to the iOS.
Pangu jailbreak is a famous jailbreak team such as Yalu jailbreak, Electra jailbreak, PP jailbreak, TaiG jailbreak and many more teams. Pangu jailbreak tool is manipulated by the Pangu team and it was released for iOS 7 as their first attempt. However, it was a success and then it was popular among Apple users as the best jailbreak tool for iOS. So that’s why users interested with Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 in this time with iOS 11.
Pangu Jailbreak iOS attempts and Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1
PAngu jailbreakers capable for executing jailbreaks on several iOS versions such as iOS 7, iOS 8, iOS 9 and even iOS jailbreak demonstrate for 10..x.x version. So as I above mentioned, Pangu jailbreak was first released for iOS 7.X versions. Now, this Pangu totally supports iOS 7.1- iOS 7.1.X versions as a free jailbreak supporter on iPhones, iPads, iPod touch devices. This version was released in Chinese as Pangu is a Chinese team.
Then Pangu again succeeded with iOS 8.0- iOS 8.1 for iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPad mini 3, and iPad Air 2 in 2014. But here it released with both Chinese and English version. But here download Cydia was not included and it was added in V1.1.0 which was available in Pangu official website. Finally, the latest available Pangu jailbreak was iOS 9.0- iOS 9.1. Here you can download Cydia bundle with Pangu jailbreak as it supports Cydia with Pangu iOS 9 jailbreak default.
In fact, now there are an attempts remaining for Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 as this is the most needed moment for download Cydia for iOS 11.4.1 because of iOS 11.4.1 always available. So I think Pangu team attempts allowed for Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 with download Cydia bundle.
Looking for jailbreak iOS 11.4.1? Here is everything rumored and predicted for the upcoming jailbreak downloads for the new 11.4.1 Cydia download attitude. What would be the best tactic for you to hang around? It has been few weeks that the great dedicator Pangu team spread out the breakability of 11.4.1 for the first time during a tech conference in China. In accordance with the demonstration which revealed by Min Zheng who is a dedicated follower, the iPhone X could efficaciously break the Kernel Patch Protection into pieces once again after CydiaPro1131. Moreover, as he clarified, this deal is worthier even than the previous partially serviceable breakout of Min Zheng.
Anyhow, at this instant, surroundings getting fade devoid of any announcement to the public. Therefore, what’s next? As we are a move toward the World Wide Developers Conference and MOSEC for the year 2018, keep fingers crossed for something impressive before long.
At the moment, we have several major iOS versions and a some beta approaches of next iOS 12 devoid of any single download Cydia application. Thus, as you guess, the recent version as well has no any single update at least to confirm you whether it is breakable or not? Although the new release has very few particulars regarding its conception, undoubtedly, the security measure which takes place with the 11.4.1 has been modified into new and influential. Thus, if you are a jailbreaker, it is better to rapidly escape from before the proved 11.4.1 get closed its installation. Wisely decide what’s better for you whether downgrade or continue?
Furthermore, as experts described, the displayed Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 will not support for 11.4. And also, for the reason that hackers did not put any word for the latest 11.4.1, we cannot say that it as well will support either. if you feel that would be better to escape from 11.4, just hold the iOS 11.4.1 which is the only signable version and the one that proved breakable for download Cydia.
The two conferences have been scheduled to hold on next month in USA and China as frequently. It is no doubt that the company will introduce the eleventh generation of the iPhone operating system to be launched within next few months as rumored. Though at least we can guess particulars that will address developers gather, how exciting it will be the third annual story of Pangu and POC security conference? As rumors said to be, the demonstrated iOS 11.4.1 Cydia download breakout will influence the community before the step to the World Wide Developers conference from next month onwards. If predictions will become true, Pangu will surely keep a note about the eleventh breakout during MOSEC which has been planned to assemble on this month.
So whatever you guess, it has something to deal with. For the reason that Pangu was down because of the fail during 8.4 breakout season, hope that they will not let happen the same once again. However, be there to welcome the next generation of iPhone OS from next month onwards.
By the way, since there is not any applicable utility at the moment for download Cydia 11.4.1, you better continue your jailbroken iPhone or iPad or else remain with 11.4.1 patiently. Although team Pangu did not proclaim that they have been planned, this might b a flash of another new hacker.
By the way, do not get sad for you are a 32bit user. There will be a great deal for you all like Home Depot that you received for 9.0. In accordance with the jailbreak story still growing its chapters, it will no longer matter whether you are 32-bit or 64-bit. And still, you are able to rewrite Home Depot crack on your iDevice if you have SHSH2 Blobs of those old sessions right now. But this is an exclusive skip for all except for 64-bit ranges. So what you guess? Will Pangu jailbreak iOS 11.4.1 become true?
You know that the iOS 11, fifth update was released and now most of the Apple users and iOS 11 followers update this iOS 11.4.1. Actually, it was a milestone update with thousands of major features and functions. So you can update the latest iOS such as the other versions by following Settings > General> Software update. So now the iOS 11.4.1 followers next mission are iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak. So here we have to use the most reliable, available and safest tool for iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak. Millions of Apple users now use jailbreak when they update the latest iOS and that is what we have to do as soon as the iOS update. Jailbreak iOS updates are one of the most interesting processes and select the best jailbreak tool makes you more comfortable. That’s why we have to select download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak.
What is Download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak
Jailbreak iOS means the process of removing restrictions that imposed by the manufacturer. Then it gives the root access with unlimited facilities. So this is the main reason for jailbreak iOS. Actually now there are three legal methods for jailbreak the iOS. Those are the tethered jailbreak, the untethered jailbreak, and semi jailbreak. But most of the users used the untethered method and untethered jailbreak tool. Therefore understanding a best-untethered jailbreak tool makes you flexible when you use it, handle it or manage it. So try on Download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak, the most suitable method now.
Best Features of Download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak
With the development of iOS 11.4.1, the knitting tools also developed to match with the update. So the Cydia download tools, jailbreak tools developed with best features. That’s why Pangu iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak must release for iOS 11.4.1. This Pangu jailbreak is similar to the untethered jailbreak and this tool also has a great story with jailbreak.
Actually, Download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak,
- Such as the other previous versions this is an untethered jailbreak tool, This Download Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak tool could able to removes all the restrictions
- Supports with download a numerous kind of third-party apps including Cydia.
- We can easily change the look of iOS 11.4.1
- The ability for download number of paid apps for free with this Pangu tool.
- Successfully install apps as well as run those apps on a varied platforms
- Finally, this Pangu iOS 11.4.1 supports thousands of apps, tweaks,games, and themes for your latest iOS 11.4.1
Before long from the official proclamation of 11.4.1, a jailbreaker proudly showcased its proficiency with perfectly loaded download Cydia as well. Since some of you nervous about Pangu iOS 11.4.1 jailbreak, our narration will spread what we have been collected. Go after our reliable directions without just sitting far. Here we go.
The truth on Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak for Download Cydia
It is good to know the truth of such a utility that released by team Pangu after a long. As it seems sources being discussed for a soon tool release for 11.4.1 since we have to break all those starting from 11.0. Though there were CydiaPro and online Cydia download tools for 11.0 – 11.1.2 sessions with and without Cydia respectively, it is important get to know will our older member Pangu try to get back to the audience with their ongoing release. According to those reports described further specifics, there is no any certain direction to make certain their dedication for the particular category.
Are there any rumors about Pangu iOS 11.4.1 Jailbreak? So when we concern rumors that show us the path at least to guess how the story will narrate, it appears they clearly reject all previous hackers that we anxious for some reasons. The key point that we have to comprehend it is hard to wish a new untethered utility from those teams who have been escaped from the community. So then, it is better not to follow for an untethered one, but let your devices to download Cydia for those latest versions with online Cydia installer tools.
What are the recent updates?
There is no doubt that all of you have been known about a demo displayed by CydiaPro during last week. So it was the topic after a long that arrived to change resources that seemed to fall apart for has nothing considerable thus far. However, it is the point at least show us the path that hackers work hard though each and every result cannot find out in public. As some of the reliable resources described, we have been closed to a breakout though cannot confirm those specifics we are anxious to know. So then, do not fall apart without knowing the certain. It may be within few hours, days or weeks. All we can do is searching and learning well for.
So everything is clear that Pangu jailbreak has purpose to interfere the community once more. As they have been work hard for further security researching projects and duties, standing for iOS security frame is that significant for them. Even team Taig beta, online tools, and CydiaPro either easy to wish for future launches. However, with the recent demonstration of CydiaPro, we are anxiously looking forward to a new utility launch from jailbreakers though it may not from the jailbreaker you expect from. But as there are many dealers as well those who are waiting for their chance to become the first, the next might release by a new dealer or from CydiaPro or Jonathan Levin those who responsible for previous iOS 11 Cydia download chapters.
Apple has been stopped sign in 11.4. Therefore, from now onwards, users cannot downgrade to its lower versions any longer. It is glad to hear everyone safely turned back before the doors get closed apart from a few that failed to be there on time. However, it was really great getting a breakout after a long from CoolStar for the entire non-jailbreak array up to 11.4. But now, it seems there is a barrier that we can only pass by download Cydia iOS 11.4.1. As there are few more weeks for the 12th iPhone OS, it is significant to know everything true before long. So here is more clarifications.
Download Cydia iOS 11.4.1 latest updates and rumors
11.4.1 is the 16th version of the array which became a minor release after 11.4. So it was the edition that followed 11.4 that arrived surrounding AirPlay2 and iCloud Messages. But there is nothing highlighted to considerably note for it should be because of its minor standing. However, now we have to check out and confirm its jailbreak possibility while Apple slowly continues their journey to the next 12th level.
As we remind above, CydiaPro Online jailbreak is the most recent jailbreak update from hackers to break 11.2 to 11.4.1. But it cannot support to reach Cydia for untethered that the editions we are anxious for. And even there is no any proper utility that even predicts either an untethered jailbreak. Rumors seem to stand far from this chapter while seeking iOS 12.0 as it is going to be the biggest bang from few further months. So keep in your mind that any recent online Jailbreak availabilities cannot deal with untethered jailbreak. And appears there is no any confirmation even by rumors apart from directions of the 12th iPhone OS.
Cydia iOS 11.4.1 Update by Jay Freeman
This would be the next considerable topic that we are going to consider. It seems Jay Freeman and his team remains silent since far though they proclaimed to stand for the 11th OS that we are going to end from here. So it is difficult to realize will they be there for the final 11.4.1 if there will be a utility. And keep in your mind that we do have the final update by SaurikIT as Cydia iOS 11.4.1. Further do not follow any fake detail till you confirm everything yourself.
At the moment, 11.4.1 is the most recent update of Apple with the support of all 64bit iDevices. Yet, we do not have any untethered jailbreak download for iOS 11.4.1 and lower, but we can purchase Cydia, using online Jailbreak updates. It is successfully working to download Cydia iOS 11.4.1 without any mess. By the way, 11.4.1 public release is the peak of the latest online jailbreak release. Those who were there can now enjoy tons of tweaks and everything behind Cydia. Once jailbroken, you can even turn back to unjailbreak status as well with newest updates that have been posted on the web. Therefore, no need to worry about anything while we have some further to consider. Stay Tuned.
With the release of iOS 11.4, all the Cydia lovers are waiting for iOS 11.4 Jailbreak. These days jailbreaking and Cydia download has become very popular among the iOS users. But it is the hardest process. Today I glad to discuss on download Cydia iOS 11.4 with Pangu Jailbreak. So go through this for more pieces of information.
Download Cydia iOS 11.4 latest update
As the final out, Apple rolled iOS 11.4 new update to the public users. With this sudden release, it does not bring any new special things. It came without any beta versions and this update available over the air in the Settings app. Go to Settings > General > Software Update. According to the release note, this update addresses bugs and issues that have been discovered since the release of iOS 11.2. But it didn’t give anything special about iOS 11.4. If you are a Cydia fan, now this is the time to Cydia download iOS 11.4. But how can we do it? Yes. It is the biggest problem. So Jailbreak is the main key to solve this problem and is there any tool to Jailbreak iOS 11.4?
Pangu For iOS 11.4 Jailbreak
As a Cydia lover, already you must be familiar with Jailbreak. Jailbreak is the bridge between Cydia and iOS. It is the hardest process that helps to remove all the restrictions given by iOS and helps to get Cydia successfully. There are many jailbreak tools on the web, such as Pangu, Yalu, Keen, TaiG, etc. Pangu is the most famous Jailbreak team which was helped to Jailbreak up to iOS 9.3.3. After that, there we cannot see any available updates for iOS jailbreak. Most of the jailbreak lovers more familiar with Pangu.
iOS 11.4 Jailbreak is the biggest challenge now. Because already we don’t have any tool to Jailbreak iOS 11.4. Pangu team demoed a jailbreak update to iOS 11 previously but not for the public users. It just only for iOS 11 beta and it gives a clue to iOS 11.4 Jailbreak. Out of them, you can have many benefits of Pangu iOS 11.4 Jailbreak such as you are completely free of the software and hardware limitations are given by iOS, can download more powerful software to your handset, You can easy to reach Apple OS, It helps to have alternative apps in your iDevice.
As I mentioned, still we don’t have any untethered jailbreak tool to download Cydia iOS 11.4 running devices. With new updates of iOS 11.4, Alibaba’s jailbreak team demoed a jailbreak iOS 11.4 on iPhone X which is running on iOS 11.4. And this may be the final update in this year because Apple planned to release next update to the public users in next year. So if you love to download Cydia stay with us.
Apple’s operating system upgrade is now on the recent iOS 11.4 download from which is Apple trying to give some fixes and feature improvements to the users. So now we want to run our device with the newest OS so smooth and flexible. Thus the solution is Cydia. But how to download Cydia iOS 11.4? Here is the answer to that question and you can learn more on must knowing facts related Cydia with this brief article.
As you might already know, Cydia, third-party app store is the only and nearest alternative to Apple app store. It comes with thousands of applications and tweaks looks same as the apps in Apple stores. Download Cydia is developed knowing the exact reasons, why we get tired of using Apps from Apple stores. So the most significant thing with Cydia is, it makes simple instantly the whole functionality of iPhone. And the updated Cydia has more benefits with added tweaks. So obviously, there is a host of advantages having Cydia on an iDevice. Then whats new for download Cydia iOS 11.4?
Benefits of Download Cydia – As stated, Cydia 11.4 should have downloaded, if you want a complete flexible iOS customization on your iOS 11.4 running device. And just as the Cydia journey so far, there will be so many apps to enjoy the latest version. In fact, now you find Cydia’s latest upgrade which comes with the highest compatibility to last chapters of iOS 11 firmware. If you like to have a look, how it will help to customize the device, here are some features of iOS 11.4 Cydia download.
- Features of backup and restore the device
- Help with firmware upgrade and downgrade with the latest availability
- Battery master feature to keep check the battery status, temperature, capacity and more
- More Airplayer apps to the best screen experiences
- Instant, complete and safe data migrating options
- Image and Photos tool to preview images in original resolutions
- Complete desktop management apps through Windows or iTools for Mac
- More customization features
The best thing about Cydia download with Online jailbreak is its compatible for all iOS versions and the iPhone, iPad and iPod devices. So with the respect to the version, you’d check the compatibility of the Cydia version. For the latest Cydia iOS 11.4 version, it supported by all 64-bit devices including the newly released iPhone 8, 8 Plus and iPhone X. Download Cydia iOS 11.4 only supports 64-bit devices, because iOS 11.4 has been launched only for them by Apple company. So iPhone 5S, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus, iPhone SE, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, iPhone X, iPad Air, iPad Air 2, iPad mini 2, model 3, iPad mini 4 and iPad Pro and 6th Generation iPod Touch devices are compatible.
iOS 11.4 is the current update of iOS 11. Now you can download iOS 11.4 through OTA or iTunes. As Apple promised, before the iOS 12, they released iOS 11.4 to the public official to fix some errors. So with this minor update, I’m quite sure, now everyone seeking its compatibility to do jailbreak iOS 11.4 and Cydia download. So here I covered everything of Jailbreak iOS 11.4.
Why we jailbreak the iOS 11.4?
Actually, Jailbreak iOS 11.4 is the hottest topic at the moment and this is one of the questions that every Apple users asked mostly. Yes. Jailbreak is the most important procedure and it is the process of removing limited access given by Apple. After jailbreak, automatically, it gives the root access to the iOS. So now iOS 11.4 is here and when we jailbreak iOS 11.4, we can install any third party apps such as Cydia. So this is the main target that having the jailbreak process. But, unfortunately, iOS 11.4 Jailbreak isn’t available yet.
iOS 11.4 Jailbreak possibilities
As I mentioned already, jailbreak developers failed to download Cydia iOS 11.4. But a few weeks ago, Coolstar, the developer of Electra jailbreak introduced this jailbreak toolkit for iOS 11 and it’s minor updates. But unfortunately, it does not work with iOS 11.2 and higher versions. Also, LiberiOS another jailbreak toolkit does not work with iOS 11.2 – iOS 11.4. So iOS 11.4 jailbreak is a huge challenge for users. But don’t worry. If you need to download Cydia on iOS 11.4, there is another method called Online Jailbreak. Yes. Online jailbreak is the possible way to get Cydia successfully for any devices. Hence, we are going to talk about an online jailbreak for download Cydia iOS 11.4.
Can Download Cydia iOS 11.4 through Online jailbreak?
Yes. Now online jailbreak is the solution for Cydia download for any iOS versions. As a browser-based method, it helps to download Cydia successfully. If you cannot wait for Jailbreak iOS 11.4 in untethered conditions, you can use this method and it is actually not a jailbreak method. The browser based online semi jailbreak is the most trusted tool for download Cydia iOS 11.4 and lower 11’s releases. Online Jailbreak support for injects Cydia successfully. So you can Install Cydia without jailbreak on iOS devices and Online jailbreak makes a bridge between Cydia and iOS. Actually, there are so many online jailbreak tools available on the web and CydiaPro is the successful way to install Cydia on iOS 11.4. So if you cannot wait for untethered iOS 11.4 Jailbreak, you can use this CydiaPro online semi jailbreak method.
Apple released iOS 11.4 update to the public with minor bug fixes and updates. Such as support for Messages in iCloud, AirPlay 2, and stereo pairing for the HomePod. Anyhow it’s better to update with latest release because Apple always released new updates with bug fixes. And here I quote about latest update and go through this article for all the things you must know about iOS 11.4 and download Cydia iOS 11.4 update.
On 28th May, Apple released iOS 11.4 after few beta testings. It has new additions and many other touching features, comes with a new interfaces. Anyhow Apple released iOS 11.4 update only address to few minor bug fixes. This latest update also compatible with all iOS devices which supports for iOS 11 update. iPhone 5s ,iPhone SE , iPhone 6 , iPhone 6 Plus ,iPhone 6s , iPhone 6s Plus ,iPhone 7 , iPhone 7 Plus , iPhone 8 , iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X , iPad mini 2 , iPad mini 3 ,iPad mini 4 , iPad (5th generation) ,iPad Air , iPad Air 2 ,9.7-inch iPad Pro ,12.5-inch iPad Pro, 12.9-inch iPad Pro (1st generation) , 12.9-inch iPad Pro (2nd generation), iPod touch (6th generation)
Few bug fixes have been presented by new iOS 11.4
- Addresses the “Black Dot” unicode bug that could crash apps on iOS devices with a specific character sequence involving certain emojis
- Fixes an issue that caused iMessages to appear out of order on some devices, a frustrating bug that’s been around for quite some time
- Addressed that caused an app on the Home screen to appear in the wrong location
- Addresses an issue that could prevent logging in or accessing files on Google Drive, Google Docs and Gmail in Safari
- Fixes an issue that could prevent data syncing in Health
- Fixes an issue that could prevent users from changing what apps can access Health data
- Fixes an issue where CarPlay audio could become distorted
- Fixes an issue where selecting music from your iPhone could fail when playing music over Bluetooth or when connected to USB on some vehicles
iOS 11.4 Jailbreak possibilities for Download Cydia iOS 11.4 and below
When you are trying to download Cydia app, you need to jailbreak device first. After jailbreak your device, Cydia update can install automatically. But it was past. At present, iOS 11.4 jailbreak is the next challenge for Cydia lovers. Because a few years ago Jailbreak is the way to download Cydia and at this moment, there we don’t have any tool for jailbreak iOS 11.4 and lower versions. This moment jailbreak is still not ready for iOS 11.4 users. But without any worries, you can install jailbreak apps on your non-jailbroken iDevices even before jailbreak tool for iOS 11.4 jailbreak released. With Online Jailbreak method, you can download Cydia iOS 11.4 and lower firmware versions. It is the latest method and if you are thirsty to download Cydia use Online Semi Jailbreak method and share your experience with us.
At the very first in this article, I have to ask one thing from you. What is jailbreak? Actually before going through this article Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4 Latest Update you have to know about Jailbreak. Actually, Jailbreak is the process of removing restrictions that imposed by the manufacturer. So jailbreak removes all the restrictions, limitations with strict rules and regulations. So jailbreak means somewhat an important process for Apple users. That’s why Apple users are accustomed to jailbreaking the iOS as soon as they moved to another update.
According to jailbreak, basically there are three types of jailbreak methods and there are the tethered jailbreak, the untethered jailbreak, and the semi jailbreak. So users can follow any of those methods and according to jailbreak developers the untethered jailbreak is the most official jailbreak method and it rare to find for each version. Actually, we can use one jailbreak tool only for one iOS version. It means different versions have different jailbreak tools. So we have to wait for each jailbreak release. According to jailbreak tools and methods, Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4 is one of the interesting processes among users. So what is this most popular and interesting Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4?
Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4 – Pangu jailbreak iOS
Pangu is a Chinese programming team which supports the iOS community for jailbreaking purposes. It developed the Pangu jailbreaking tools. So within those Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4 or any version tools, we can easily jailbreak the iOS versions. Actually, this Pangu is an untethered jailbreak team and it can assist users in passing iDevice restrictions by enabling root access to the iDevice operating system. Pangu Jailbreak tool used revoked enterprises certificate for access jailbreak when it removed jailbreak successfully.
In fact, Pangu jailbreak support for iOS 7.1 – iOS 7.1.X versions with free iOS jailbreak. Then Pangu 8 jailbreak tool support for iOS 8- iOS 8.1 versions and Pangu was the first ioS untethered jailbreak discoverer for this iOS 8. Those two jailbreak tools support all the compatible iDevices and finally Pangu 9 jailbreak available for iOS 9- iOS 9.0.2 versions. Then Pangu9 v1.3.0 jailbreak tool released for iOS 9.1. That was capable of jailbreaking all the compatible iDevices which running iOS 9.0. Actually, we can use this for all 64-bit devices running on iOS 9.1. It also available in English. In fact, there is available jailbreak demonstrate for iOS 10.3.1. Finally, Pangu supports for Windows and OS X. But yet there is not available any news on Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4. But definitely, we can hope that Pangu jailbreak will back with iOS 11. So sometimes it could be Pangu Jailbreak iOS 11.4.